Wrong spelling of a word annoys the reader and makes you a victim to failure. If you want to lead your ways to success, you must follow these Rules to avoid mistakes.

1. For the one-syllable words ending in single vowel + single consonant, double the consonant before a suffix beginning with vowel. 

Examples:

• beg + ed = begged 
• run + ing =running 
• rob + er = robber 
• sad + est =saddest 


2. For the words of two or three syllables ending in single vowel + single consonant, double the final consonant if the last syllable is stressed. 
Examples:

• Begin + ing =beginning 
• Permit +ed =permitted 
• Occur +ed =occurred 
• Control + er =controller 

3. The consonant is not doubled if the last syllable is not stressed. 

Examples:

• Benefit +ed = benefited 
• Suffer + ing =suffering 

Exceptions:

• Worship +ed =worshipped 
• Handicap +ed =handicapped 
• Kidnap +er =kidnapper 

4. The consonant ‘l’ is doubled, even if the stress does not fall on the last syllable. 

Examples:

• Quarrel + ed =quarrelled 
• Signal + ing = signalling 
• Travel + er =traveller 
• Distil + er =distiller 

5. If the word to which suffix ‘ful’ is added ends in‘ll’, the second ‘l’ is dropped. 

Examples:

• Skill + ful =skilful 
• Will + full =willful 

6. For words ending in silent ‘e’, drop the ‘e’ before a suffix beginning with a vowel. 

Examples:

• Live + ing =living 
• Move + ing =moving 
• Drive + ing =driving 
• Hope + ing =hoping 

NOTE:

The ‘e’ remains before a suffix beginning with a consonant. 

Examples:

• Hope + ful =hopeful 
• Engage +ment =engagement 

Exceptions:

• True + ly +truly 
• Whole +ly =wholly 
• Due + ly = duly 
• Nine + th =ninth 
• Awe + ful =awful 
• Argue +ment =argument 

7. Notice the special case of words ending in ‘ce’ and ‘ge’ which keep the ‘e’ when adding ‘able’ and ‘ous’. 

Examples:

• Notice +able =noticeable 
• Peace +able =peaceful 
• Change +able =changeable 
• Courage + ous =courageous 

8. Words ending in ‘ee’ do not drop an ‘e’ before a suffix. 

Examples:

• See + ing =seeing 
• Agree + ment =agreement 

9. Words ending in ‘ie’ change the ‘ie’ to ‘y’ when ‘ing’ is added. 

Examples:

• Die + ing =dying 
• Tie + ing =tying 
• Lie + ing =lying 

10. A final ‘y’ following a consonant changes to ‘i’ before a suffix except ‘ing’. 

Examples:

• Happy + ly = happily 
• Beauty + ful =beautiful 
• Carry + ed = carried 
• Marry + ed =married 
• Marry +age =marriage 
• Carry +ing =carrying 
• Marry +ing =marrying 

NOTE:

But, ‘y’ following a vowel does not change. 

• Pray + ed =prayed 
• Play +er =player 

Exceptions:

• Pay +ed =paid 
• Say +ed =said 
• Lay + ed =laid 
• Day + ly =daily 
• Gay +ly =gaily 

11. When ‘ie’ or ‘ei’ is pronounced like ‘ee’ in jeep, ‘i’ comes before ‘e’ except after ‘c’. 

Examples:

• Believe 
• Relieve 
• Achieve 
• Grieve 
• Yield 
• Field 

• Receive 
• Receipt 
• Deceive 
• Deceit 
• Conceive 
• Conceit 

Exceptions:

• Seize 
• Weird 
• Protein 
• Surfeit 
• Counterfeit 
• Plebeian